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|Title||Structure and optical properties of La2-Gd SiO5:Dy3+ phosphors|
|Title in Arabic||Structure and optical properties of La2-Gd SiO5:Dy3+ phosphors|
Lanthanum gadolinium oxyorthosilicate or La2-xGdxSiO5 (x ¼ 0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0) nanophosphors doped with dysprosium (Dy3þ) were prepared by urea- and ammonium nitrate-assisted solution combustion method. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns confirmed that the phosphors crystallized in a mixed phase of La2SiO5 and La(OH)3 and a pure monoclinic phase of Gd2SiO5 or the admixtures of the three phases depending on the ratio of La:Gd in the host lattice. The estimated crystallite sizes were found to vary from 10 to 21 nm. The field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) images showed that the particles were agglomerated together and they had no definite sizes. The chemical composition analyses and the electronic states were analyzed using the energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) respectively. The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) data supplemented both the XRD and EDS data by confirming that the stretching mode frequencies were all related to La2SiO5 and Gd2SiO5, except a few absorption peaks ascribed to atmospheric moisture and hydrocarbons. The band gaps measured from the ultraviolet visible spectroscopy (UVeVis) data were shown to vary with the molar ratio of La to Gd. The photoluminescence spectra showed two characteristic emissions of Dy3þ at 485 nm (blue) and 573 nm (yellow) and an additional broad emission (in the blue region) with a maximum at ~415 nm. The International Commission on Illumination (CIE) chromaticity coordinates calculated from the fluorescence emission showed colours which were tuned from blue to white and yellow when the molar ratio of La to Gd in the La2-xGdxSiO5:Dy3þ lattice was varied. Depending on the excitation wavelength, energy transfer was observed from Dy3þ substituted in Gd3þ lattice sites to Dy3þ substituted in La3þ lattice sites. The internal photoluminescence quantum yield of the phosphors was measured using an integrating sphere method.
|Published in||Journal of Alloys and Compounds|
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